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G3ict

Digital Accessibility Rights Evaluation Index (DARE Index)

A Resource for Advocates and Policy Makers to Benchmark Progress in Making ICTs Accessible in Compliance with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Developed by G3ict, in cooperation with Disabled People’s International (DPI).

This survey was made possible by the original research work and reports received from 121 countries from experts members of the International Panel of the DARE Index. Our sincere gratitude goes to the individual respondents affiliated to DPI and other disability advocates who dedicated time and efforts to share original data on their respective countries.


What is the purpose of the DARE Index?

Unrestricted access to digital devices, contents, information and services is a necessary condition for persons with disabilities to enjoy their full rights. Article 9 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities obligates its 174 States Parties to ensure that information and communication technologies, which support everything digital, are made accessible. The DARE Index was created by G3ict, the Global Initiative for Inclusive Technologies, an advocacy organization launched in cooperation with UN DESA in 2006, to provide a global benchmark for governments, advocates and private sector organizations to assess their progress and identify opportunities in promoting and implementing digital accessibility.

What does the DARE Index measure?

The DARE Index measures three categories of variables in each country: country commitments (legal, regulatory, policies and programs), country capacity to implement (organization, processes, resources) and actual digital accessibility outcomes for persons with disabilities in ten areas of products and services. This three steps analysis – commitments – capacity to implement – outcomes, is consistent with Human Rights monitoring principles and allows for useful gap analysis and linkages between variables.

Which data sources are used to build the DARE Index?

As there are no consistent data sources available around the world on digital accessibility, G3ict collects data in close cooperation with Disabled Peoples’ International (DPI) and persons with disabilities worldwide considering their best position to assess and report on digital accessibility matters. Research panel members are identified in each country and are responsible to provide data on their own country ICT profile. When DPI does not have local representatives available, G3ict calls on other advocacy organizations, researchers, disability community leaders or accessibility experts. For cross-tabulation purposes, G3ict analysts use United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner, World Bank and International Monetary Fund country classifications. List of the DARE Index Research Panel.

How is the evaluation conducted at country level?

Local panel members are asked to fill in a questionnaire and provide back-up information and references in support of their answers to the greatest possible extent. For country commitments, links to laws, regulations or program web pages; for country capacity to implement, links to web pages, reports or articles are most often used. To evaluate the degree to which digital products and services are made accessible to persons with disabilities, questions include a normalized scale to guide respondents in their answers to be as close to reality as possible. For instance, a “Minimum level of implementation” would be described as “pilot projects only”. A “partial level of implementation” would be defined as “a national program is being deployed but does not yet reach a majority of beneficiaries”, and so on so forth.

Is the data verified?

Most panel members are experienced advocates who volunteer their time and effort and are unlikely to volunteer erroneous data. However, due to language, terminology and other unforeseen data input factors, a systematic pre-publication validation process takes place by analyzing data variances and anomalies such as discontinuity of historical data or unusual relations to Human Development Index and income per capita. When such anomalies are detected, G3ict analysts double check through desk research and with national panels how to interpret the data received. Ultimately, all country evaluation data is posted in the “country Profiles” section of the G3ict web site with an option for visitors to provide feedback for updates or anomalies.


Benchmarking ICT Accessibility Progress (2008-present)

2008-2010: G3ict undertakes to benchmark the actual implementation of the dispositions of the CRPD on ICT accessibility and assistive technologies by its States Parties. G3ict partners with Disabled People’s International (DPI) to research and produce the CRPD ICT Accessibility Progress Report.

Over the years, between 2010 and 2016, an extraordinary group of volunteers joins the research panel of the CRPD Progress Report. The publication, in its four editions, establishes itself as one of the few sources allowing for a global monitoring of the implementation of the CRPD.

2017-present: Further step in benchmarking with the launch of the Digital Accessibility Rights Evaluation index – DARE Index – which ranks countries’ actual implementation of key dispositions of the CRPD on ICT accessibility.

Past editions of the CRPD ICT Accessibility Progress Report: